THE EVENTS OF 1915 AFTER “OTTOMAN” HISTORY, THE CONGRESS OF “HUMANITY” WILL BE HELD ON 19 APRIL AND 6 MAY 2022.

Dear All,

WE WILL PROTECT THE HEALTH OF THE COMMUNITY AND REMOVE HEALTH PROBLEMS CERTAINLY.
AN STRUCTURE THAT DOES ALL SCIENTIFIC STUDY AND PROVIDES THE TRANSITION TO OFFICIAL BUILDING AND PROTECT THE BENEFIT OF THE SOCIETY; AS THE ASSOCIATION WHICH DOES ALL KINDS OF LEGAL AND SCIENTIFIC STUDIES PROTECTING HEALTHCARE AND SOCIETY BENEFITS AT THE HIGHEST LEVEL, WE WILL NOT BE ABLE TO BE AWARE OF THE EVENTS OF 1914-1915 AS A TURKISH MARRIED.

WE HAVE A HISTORY THAT IS REMARKABLE WITH THEIR HISTORY, SHINY AND PROUD TO BE PROUD, NOBODY CANNOT DEFECT OUR HISTORY FOR POLITICAL BENEFITS.

WE STARTED WITH OUR “SCIENCE AND THE SMART” SLOGAN, WE PUT ON OUR EMBLEM SINCE 2008, THEN WE HAVE TO ANSWER TO SCIENCE AND MIND.

IN THE INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS WE ARE IN PREPARATION, ALL SCIENCE PEOPLE AND INTERNATIONAL AND NATIONAL RESPONSIBLES WILL BE DISCUSSED OF 1914-1915 EVENTS.

THE SUBJECT WILL BE CONSIDERED WITH THE DOCUMENTS.

FOR 3 DAYS EVERY YEAR, THE EXHIBITION WILL BE HISTORIC, SOCIOLOGUES, MILITARY UNIONS, BUREAUCRATS, GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCE EXPERTS AND MANY OFFICIAL INSTITUTIONS AND THE WORLD OF SCIENCE WILL HISTORY AND HISTORY TO BE THERE WILL BE AN INTERNATIONAL MEETING THAT WILL DISCOVER THE REALITY OF THE ATTITUDE AND BEHAVIOR THAT THE NATION HAS EXHIBITED SINCE HISTORY AND THAT WILL BE DISCUSSED EVERY YEAR. ALL DOCUMENTS WILL BE SUBMITTED WITHOUT RULES TO BE DETERMINED BY THE SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEE.

WITH PRESENTATION AND FOREWORD, THE PRESENTATION AND FOREWORD MADE ABOUT THE STATE ARCHIVES AND THE FIRST TIME ESTABLISHED IN 1993 ON THIS ISSUE, WE CONSIDERED IT APPROPRIATE TO EXPRESS THAT WITH THE WORDS OF THE AUTHORITIES OF THAT PERIOD (IF THEY EXPOSED US)

SERPİL KESKİN
HEALTHY SOCIETY ASSOCIATION
Bu kaynak metin hakkında daha fazla bilgiEk çeviri bilgileri için kaynak metin gerekli

preface

For centuries, people of all languages, religions and races together in a peaceful
the Ottoman Empire, which has shown the success of living in peace in the
The body of the state is almost like a mosaic of nations. Every different element is a part of this mosaic. All these elements have lived in harmony for centuries under the fair administration of the Ottoman State.
One of the important parts of this mosaic is the Armenians.
As it is known, Armenians, under the Ottoman rule,
They took part in the ranks. When the power of the Ottoman Empire began to weaken, the Western States put forward the “Orient Question”, which means the realization of political, military and economic ambitions on the Ottoman Empire. As a result, the harmony that lasted for centuries was broken, people who lived side by side in peace, with the effect of the winds of religious, national and political separation from the West, went to an organization that aimed to divide the state.
Those who try to organize the state to divide and disintegrate
One of the elements is the Armenians. Armenians raised this attitude to the level of betrayal, especially in World War I.
they caused events that could change their destiny and cooperation with the Russians
they entered into it. As a result, the Ottoman Empire, front
Aiming at the safety of the rest and referred to as deportation, the Armenian citizens in the places they deemed necessary could live in peace and did not affect the local balance. The work includes the documents of the events experienced during and after the deportation.

The General Archives of the State Archives who contributed to the preparation of this study
Thanks to the staff of the Directorate, helpful and helpful to those concerned
I wish it to happen.

Dr.Yücel EDİL,
Deputy Undersecretary of the Prime Ministry

 

PRESENTATION

There is no consensus about when and where the Armenians, who are an element of the mixed multi-national and multi-religious structure in the Caucasus region, came to this region. The most remarkable opinion about the settlement of Armenians in the region is that this society was founded in BC. IV. century, they came from the west and settled in the geography where they live in a scattered way and without establishing an orderly organization within a tribal structure. Armenians, who lived in small feudal lordships and without a union, were under the rule of Byzantine, Iran, Macedonian, Roman, Islamic and Turkish states throughout their history in the Caucasus region. The Caucasus, which has been surrounded by great states throughout history, has always been a field of struggle between these states. This struggle, which was previously experienced between Macedonian, Roman, Byzantine and Iranian states in various periods, then continued between Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman-Iran states. XVI. After a century, the Russian factor came into play. In this geography where such great struggles are experienced, it is seen that Armenians, one of the many ethnic elements of the region, could not be effective and failed to become a state, as they could not break the feudal lordship. The first encounter between Turks and Armenians occurred before the establishment of the Seljuk State, during the expeditions of Sultan Alparslan’s father Çağrı Bey to the region. Between the years 1015-1021, when the Armenians were under Byzantine rule, they were surprised by the “Turkish horsemen with spears, arrows and bows, waist belts, long and knitted hair, flying like a wind” who came to the region under the command of Çağrı Bey, and they were defeated by the “arrows they shot like rain”. they have stopped. Turkish-Armenian relations developed as a continuation of similar events until the Anatolian lands became a Turkish homeland as a whole, and as a result, the Armenians recognized the Seljuk rule. Armenians under the rule of the Seljuk State were given a lot of freedom, their religion and beliefs remained untouched, they lived in prosperity and happiness, and they saw the Turks as their saviors. This situation was also valid for Armenians in the Ottoman Empire. Armenians, who are Ottoman subjects, have lived in peace and security under the shadow of the justice of the state for centuries and at a high level of prosperity. In the administration of the Ottoman State, they sometimes gained enough confidence to take quite important duties. In the Ottoman state understanding, which does not separate people according to their religion and race and accepts all its subjects as one, everyone has been able to come to every task. The Armenians, who are known as “subject sâdıka” in the Ottoman Empire, undoubtedly lived in this period the most stable and peaceful years in their history. * These lands, which are tried to be introduced as the Armenian homeland, BC. VI. Century from the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, Romans, Sasanians, Byzantines and Arabs, and finally, XI. century has been under the sovereignty of the Turks. During this long period, the Armenians remained under the command of the forces they were subject to and as a buffer feudal lordship on the borders of their countries. Throughout history, Armenians have not been tied to each other with a sense of homeland in terms of geography, and there is no political connection between them. Only traditions, languages, and religions provided their contact. Most of the Armenians, who did not have a union in terms of sect, were subject to the Gregorian Church. After that came the Catholic Church and the Protestant Church. Armenians were generally engaged in farming, local industry and small-scale trade in their own lands in the villages and towns of Eastern Anatolia. In the cities, they were engaged in domestic and foreign trade, moneymaking, banking, contracting and tax farming, and they lived a more prosperous life than the Turks. The welfare of the Armenians did not cause the slightest disturbance for the Turks and Muslims. For this reason, they lived side by side with the Turks in brotherhood and peace since the establishment of the IX Ottoman Empire. The majority of the population of Armenians, seen all over the Ottoman Empire, is in the east of Anatolia, even here they constituted only 8% of the population. In 1839, following the Gulhane Line, they were taken to civil service in the palace and in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. They were appointed as governor, governor general, inspector, ambassador and even vizier. There is no Armenian issue before the Ottoman-Russian War. This issue began when Russia, after invading some Turkish cities, provoked the Armenians here against the Sublime Porte for the purpose of independence by acting on their own ambitions. After the Ayastefanos and Berlin Treaties regarding the reforms in the places where the Armenians were located, the Armenian issue arose with the intervention of the great powers in the internal affairs of the Ottoman Empire based on these provisions.

Since the Armenians were provoked by various promises, some bloody events took place. Among the reasons behind these events, the activities of Protestant missionaries were also influential. The so-called states such as America, Britain and Russia aiming to protect the rights of Christian minorities living in the Ottoman lands; They tried to provoke the Armenians for their own interests, and did not even feel the need to announce the articles and letters of the Ottoman Government and foreign representatives, expressing the facts about the situation of the Armenians and their treatment, as they contradicted their interests and policies. The Armenians, who killed the Turkish population by establishing a number of mischief associations and parties with the dream of establishing an Armenian state in Eastern Anatolia, took advantage of the soldiers’ presence at the front during the First World War to cooperate with the enemy, betrayed the state and saw all kinds of attacks against the defenseless Turks. As a result of this, they obliged the Ottoman State to take a decision of deportation. It should be known that the Armenians subjected to deportation are Armenians who acted against the state. Armenians, who were loyal to the state, were never subjected to deportation. All kinds of needs, safety and settlements of the Armenians subjected to deportation on the roads were ensured and their properties were secured. After the end of the First World War, he was free to return to his old places and all kinds of help and convenience were shown to those who wanted to return. Turkey, confirming the minority status by the Lausanne Treaty, Armenians Durmus ferdî use all of the rights and freedoms of Turkish citizens and that date has not experienced any problems with the Armenians living in Turkey since. Outside the control of the organization come to play and live in peace and prosperity today Turkey does not approve of them Armenians. The corpses of Turkish martyrs who were found brutally murdered in mass graves as a result of the researches carried out in Eastern Anatolia reveal how unfounded and false the Armenian massacre allegations that are brought to the agenda from time to time. In addition, in this work, which consists of a rich collection of documents on the Armenian issue in the Prime Ministry Ottoman Archives, the unfoundedness of the claims made up to now is clearly demonstrated. * In the work, 3, 4 and 5 documents; That local Armenians in Kars and Ardahan regions massacred 30,000 Turkish men with the provocation of the Russians; In addition, the brutality and cruelty they inflicted on Ottoman prisoners are described. As can be seen in the 17th document, the Meclis-i Vükela took the deportation decision due to the cooperation of the Armenians with the Russians and the massacre of the vulnerable Muslim-Turkish people. In the same decision, it is observed that the properties and lives of the Armenians were secured. Indeed, in documents 29, 34, 35, 46, 50, 54, 64, 66, 69, 81, 102, 149, 156, 210, 213, 230, 233, 246, 249, 259, 266 and 267; It is seen that every effort was made to protect the lives and properties of the deported Armenians. Despite this, crimes committed against Armenians during the deportation were not left unpunished; As seen in documents 143, 144, 153, XI 219, 220, 223, 247, 248, 253, 260, 261, 265 and 270. criminals were tried to be punished. Also, in documents 62, 63, 87, 135, 145, 151, 152, 154, 155, 173, 178, 179, 191, 197, 203, 213, 224, 228, 242, 251 and 256; We can show the efforts made by the Armenians for their settlement and decentralization, and in addition to this, the assistance made as in documents 224, 227, 231 and 254. It is seen in documents 24, 80, 255 and 272 that the debts of the deported Armenians were deferred and they were exempted from tax. We believe that homeless children and women are placed in orphanages and other safe places 45, 47, 79, 82, 89, 91, 92, 95, 96, 182, 189, 191, 192, 212, 225, 226, 230, 235, 243, 250, It is understood from documents 252 and 262. In addition, Armenians who had no crimes were left in their places 27, 29, 59, 76, 83, 84, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 95, 104, 141, 142, 148, 164, 165, 169 and 172. it is possible to see in the documents. * In this work, there are 272 documents related to the deportations of 1915 and 1920. The work consists of three main parts: In the first part, briefly, the introduction part, which talks about the events that caused the deportation from Turkish-Armenian relations and deportation throughout history. The second section includes transcription and abstracts of documents. In addition, the bibliography of the sources used in the preparation of the index and introduction is also included in this section. In this section, first the order number of the documents, a title appropriate to the content of the document, and then a summary of the document in italics in square brackets. Below the summary, the Hijri date of the document is shown first, and then the historical date in parentheses. After the summary, the transcriptions of the documents were included in chronological order.

Armenian relations in Western countries have not been put forward on the basis of Turkish sources, especially first-hand archive sources, works have been mostly unilateral and always against the Turks until today. In the face of the so-called Armenian issue, it should be known that it is a scientific obligation, a national and humanitarian obligation and duty to enlighten the people who are interested in the issue, especially the Turkish public, and the world public opinion, and to reveal the Armenian terrorism that has been carried out for years, based on archive documents. I congratulate the staff of the Prime Ministry General Directorate of State Archives, Ottoman Archives Department, who contributed to the preparation of these archive documents, which will fill a huge gap in their subject. On this occasion, the Deputy Undersecretary, Dr. I have a duty to express our gratitude to Yücel Edil. I would also like to thank Deputy Undersecretary Nevzat Demirtaş, Prime Ministry Printing House Revolving Fund Operations Manager Mr. Mehmet Yazıcı and his colleagues. It is our wish that the work will help enlighten the historical truths in the light of science and be useful to those concerned in their work.

18 October 1993 İsmet BİNARK
General Director of State Archives

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